H τουρκική διαστημική στρατηγική

τουρκιαΗ παρούσα κρίση κάποια στιγμή θα παρέλθει και η ζωή συνεχίζεται. Τα κράτη ορίζουν σκοπούς, χαράσσουν και εφαρμόζουν στρατηγική εκπλήρωσής τους και ανά πάσα στιγμή η ιεραρχία ρόλων και θέσης στην ανταγωνιστική διεθνή πολιτική εξαρτάται από το τι κανείς έκανε πριν δέκα ή είκοσι χρόνια. Δύο ζητήματα είναι σίγουρα κρίσιμα όσον αφορά την Τουρκία. Πρώτον, τα πυρηνικά όπλα και πως εξελίσσεται η διασπορά των όπλων αυτών στην περιφέρειά μας. Δεύτερον, οι αποφάσεις στα πεδία το διαστήματος, του κυβερνοχώρου, των επικοινωνιών και της τεχνολογίας. Αναρτούμε εδώ μια πολύ ενδιαφέρουσα έκθεση για το τουρκικό διαστημικό πρόγραμμα.

Turkey’s Space Policy

Aaron Stein
Non Proliferation Programme Manager, EDAM
Associate Fellow, RUSI

EDAM Discussion Paper Series 2014/3

Introduction

After the end of the Cold War, Turkey made plans to modernize its armed forces. The modernization issue reached a crescendo in 1991, after the secondary challenges posed by the first Gulf War, and the growing salience of ballistic missiles in the Middle East. During the conflict, President Turgut Ozal’s embrace of the American backed military action in Kuwait and Iraq, forced Turkey’s rather reluctant generals to deploy some 100,000 troops along the border with Iraq. The deployment was intended to protect against the Kurdistan Workers’ Party, but also to provide the U.S. backed coalition with a coercive tool to signal to Saddam Hussein that the coalition could opt to open a second front, should authorization have been provided to march on Baghdad.

The Turkish operation was the largest movement of troops since the 1974 invasion of Cyprus. The Turkish General Staff (TGS) faced logistical difficulties in implementing the policy, which, in turn, prompted the formulation of a new land forces doctrine aimed at improving and modernizing the Turkish military. The TGS opted to decrease the size of the country’s land forces and begin to focus more heavily on air and missile defense. The effort is intended to provide the armed forces with greater capabilities for mobile operations in the Middle East and the introduction of greater offensive military capabilities. To support such operations, the TSG announced plans to develop and deploy space based assets to augment Turkey’s “offensive, defensive and reconnaissance / surveillance and early warning resources and capabilities…”

These efforts necessitated the development of space-based capabilities. Ankara first began in 1989 to procure civilian satellites, but since the mid-1990s, has begun to focus on the military specific applications of satellites. Turkey’s future procurement and development of military specific satellites, as well as its interest in ballistic missile technologies necessitates that Ankara clearly articulate its current plans for space and is future plans to develop ballistic missile technologies.

Για να διαβάσετε ολόκληρο το επιστημονικό δοκίμιο κάντε κλικ εδώ: Turkey’s Space Policy (αρχείο pdf).

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Κατηγορίες:Επιστημονικά δοκίμια, Στρατηγική, Τουρκία

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