Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations In Brief – Έρευνα του Αμερικανικού Κογκρέσου για τις σχέσεις ΗΠΑ – Τουρκία

Contents Introduction ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 1 U.S.-Turkey Relations……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2 Turkey’s Strategic Orientation in Question……………………………………………………………………. 2 U.S./NATO Cooperation with Turkey…………………………………………………………………………… 3 Overview…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 3 F-35 Aircraft Acquisition Endangered by Possible S-400 Acquisition from Russia……….. 4 Syria ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 9 Domestic Turkish Developments ………………………………………………………………………………………11 Political Developments Under Erdogan’s Rule ……………………………………………………………..11 Economic Concerns …………………………………………………………………………………………………. 13 Figures Figure 1. Turkey at a Glance …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 1

The United States and Turkey have been NATO allies since 1952 and share some vital interests, but harmonizing their priorities has been particularly difficult in recent years. These priorities sometimes diverge irrespective of who leads the two countries, based on contrasting geography, threat perceptions, and regional roles.
Turkey’s core security and economic relationships and institutional links remain with Western nations, as reflected by some key U.S. military assets based in Turkey and Turkey’s strong trade ties with the European Union. However, various factors complicate U.S.-Turkey relations. For example, Turkey relies to some degree on nations such as Russia and Iran for domestic energy needs and coordination on regional security, and therefore balances diplomatically between various actors. Additionally, Turkey’s president and longtime leader Recep Tayyip Erdogan has expressed concerns that the United States and some other Western countries harbor sympathies for some of the groups that have been marginalized domestically under Erdogan. Also, Turkey has played a larger role in the Middle East since the 2000s, but has faced a number of setbacks and has problematic relations with Israel and most Sunni Arab countries other than Qatar.
Bilateral relations between the Trump Administration and the Erdogan government have faced a number of recent challenges. The following are current points of interest or concern in the U.S.-Turkey relationship.

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Κατηγορίες:στρατηγική θεωρία, Αμερική, Διεθνείς σχέσεις, Τουρκία

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